Mark 2:18–22 (ESV) — 18 Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting. And people came and said to him, “Why do John’s disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?” 19 And Jesus said to them, “Can the wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. 20 The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in that day. 21 No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment. If he does, the patch tears away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear is made. 22 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the wine will burst the skins—and the wine is destroyed, and so are the skins. But new wine is for fresh wineskins.”
Here is the process I go through during the week in my prep. Feel free to interact with it.
Biblical Exegesis for…
- Genre: What kind of writing are we studying
- Over-all: Narrative (historical & story), Law, Prophecy, Wisdom, Poetry, Narrative (Gospel & Acts), Letter, Apocalyptic
- Specific to the passage: Poetry or Prose?, Riddle, Typology, Parable, Allegory, Sermon
- Where is it in relation to redemptive history?
1. Creation by Word Genesis 1 and 2 2. The Fall Genesis 3 3. First Revelation of Redemption Genesis 4–11 4. Abraham Our Father Genesis 12–50 5. Exodus: Our Pattern of Redemption Exodus 1–15 6. New Life: Gift and Task Exodus 16–40; Leviticus 7. The Temptation in the Wilderness Numbers; Deuteronomy 8. Into the Good Land Joshua; Judges; Ruth 9. God’s Rule in God’s Land 1 and 2 Samuel; 1 Kings 1–10; 1 Chronicles; 2 Chronicles 1–9 10. The Fading Shadow 1 Kings 11–22; 2 Kings 11. There Is a New Creation Jeremiah; Ezekiel; Daniel; Esther 12. The Second Exodus Ezra; Nehemiah; Haggai 13. The New Creation for Us Matthew; Mark; Luke; John 14. The New Creation in Us Initiated Acts 15. The New Creation in Us Now New Testament Epistles 16. The New Creation Consummated The New Testament
- Subject: What is the passage about?
- Topics: What are the ideas in the passage?
- Key Words:
- What stands out as important?
- Original languages / Grammar
- Persons: Who is mentioned here?
- Action: Who is doing what? What is happening?
- Purpose: What was the writer / speaker trying to achieve
- Reasons: Are any reasons suggested?
- Arena: Is there any indication where something happens
- Events: …or when something happened?
- Method: …or how something happens?
Check for CONSISTENCY with the rest of scripture.
- Refer to commentaries, Study Bibles, Bible Dictionaries, etc
- What is the MELODIC line of the passage?
- What is the core message that sums up this teaching?
- Express it in contemporary wording….
Melodic Line of the text? In one sentence.
|Where is this passage located in redemption history and how does it relate to us|
|What does this point mean for the non Christian?|
|What does it mean for us as citizens, as employees, and so forth?|
|What does it teach us about Christ?|
|What does it mean for us as individual Christians?|
|What does it mean for our church as a whole?|
APPLY the melodic line (The lesson for us)
|Hidden Worldviews that Gospel application needs to counter.||How does the text counter one or more of these false worldviews.||Can I shed light on any of these hidden worldviews with this passage?|
|• Individualism — the story that “I” am the center of the universe|
|• Consumerism — the story that I am what I own|
|• Nationalism — the story that my nation is God’s nation|
|• Moral relativism — the story that we can’t know what is universally good|
|• Scientific naturalism — the story that all that matters is matter|
|• New Age — the story that we are gods|
|• Postmodern tribalism — the story that all that matters is what my small group thinks|
|• Salvation by therapy — the story that I can come to my full human potential through inner exploration|